Whether your home has 2 steps or an entire staircase of steps, indoors or outdoors, if you are an older adult, it’s important to make the necessary changes to make those steps as safe as as they can be to avoid any possible injury.
What is needed for modifying stairs for the elderly? – The 4 main components to make stairs safer for seniors are:
- making the steps non-slippery
- proper installation of handrails
- adaptive equipment as needed
There are several ways that staircases can be modified to make them more “senior friendly”.
Sometimes it just takes one change, other times more than one alteration is needed – it just depends on the physical and cognitive status of the person you are trying to make the stairs safer for.
How Do You Make Stairs Safer For Seniors?
There are 4 main things that you can do to make stairs easier for the elderly.
- Anti-slip products for steps – You may think that making steps less slippery would entail a lot of money and/or a lot of time. The truth is, it’s neither. There are many different solutions to this problem. They include stair treads which these days come in the form of tape, carpet and rubber. You can also use non-skid floor coating paint. There are many different varieties and brands of each of these so take a moment a look through the ones that I recommend.
- Handrails – It seems logical that stairs would have handrails but this is not necessarily always the case. So, if your stairway happens to have no handrails, please install them for the safety of your senior loved one. Also, handrails on both sides of the stairs would be optimal if you can possibly do it.
- Lighting – If your parent is aging in place, it’s most likely that they are living in an older home. It’s very common for stairways in these homes to have little to no lighting. There are many different types of lighting you could add to your staircase, it just depends on how much you can spend.
- Adaptive Equipment – Don’t be afraid to introduce adaptive equipment to make stairs safer and easier for older adults.
- Stair Lifts
- Half steps or blocks
- Stair walkers and bars
Anti-Slip Products For Steps
You don’t have to necessarily replace the material on your steps to make them less slippery. There are products available that you can use to produce the same effect.
- Look into products by companies like Waux, Trusty-Step, Slip Doctors and SlipTec Solutions which all offer products that can be applied (like a varnish) onto existing flooring. It works on ceramic tile, terrazzo, porcelain, quarry tile, fiberglass, brick, wood, concrete, marble, granite, vinyl and travertine tiles.
- Carpet stair treads come in a variety of styles and designs. You can choose from simple styles like these or patterned styles like these. There are many more to choose from so look through the multitude of styles available either at your local carpet store or online.
- Clear Anti Slip Roll by EdenProducts is perfect for indoor wooden steps, bathroom flooring (tile, vinyl, linoleum, etc.) and any other location that is not carpeted. I would also recommend this in the master bedroom, by the bedside if the floor there is not carpeted.
- For outdoor steps – Outdoor Anti Slip Treads like the ones made by Handi-Treads are specifically designed for wooden outdoor steps, decks and other wood surfaces. It’s an aluminum product that the manufacturer states will not rust or wear out.
- Another outdoor option are rubber floor treads are an excellent product as well and these days, the large variety are produced for both indoor and outdoor. I would recommend to purchase solid rubber treads (vs the cut out ones) to avoid any problems if your senior loved one uses a cane or a walker. I personally have dealt with having to remove the tip of a cane that was jammed into a rubber floor tread that had intricate lacy cutouts.
Safety Handrails For The Elderly
It seems logical that stairs would have handrails but this is not necessarily always the case. So, if your stairway happens to have no handrails, please install them for the safety of your senior loved one. Also, handrails on both sides of the stairs would be optimal if you can possibly do it.
Here are some tips on how to make handrails safer for older adults:
- For outdoor steps, extend the handrail beyond the last step. Simplified Building makes a handrail kit that can help with that.
- If at all possible, avoid breaks in the handrail. Make it a continuous handrail. This way, someone using it doesn’t have to lift their hand off the rail at all.
- If the existing handrail is too high for the elderly person, attaching a second handrail that is lower will make it much safer and easier.
Lighting For Steps
I love the idea of lighting for steps, indoors and outdoors. Fortunately for us, there are many options available for us today. Everything from battery powered units to LED rope lights to motion activated lights.
You can place the lights under the steps (so they highlight the steps) – you can place lights on the walls up the staircase – you can also place lights on the wall by each step.
Installation of these will require a handyman or electrician so check with either one of these professionals for this project.
I know it may seem like a lot but I will tell you that lighting is one of the most underused tools to make a home safer. It’s fairly inexpensive and it can end up saving you your senior loved one serious injury, or even their life.
Some seniors and their families consider putting Glow In The Dark tape on the stairs (as well as other places). That seems like it would be a good idea but we reviewed this product and there is a downside.
After 12 hours of no exposure to light – the “glow” in the tape product is very low and would not, in our opinion, provide enough light. However, if the tape could be exposed to a significant amount of light – it could work quite well.
Stair Assistance For The Elderly
There are multiple products available that can help older adults to safely use stairs.
Whether the steps are indoors or outdoors, these 3 products listed below can help to make any set of steps safer.
- Stair lifts
- Half steps / blocks
- Stair walkers and bars
Of course, if a stairlift product was installed, that would be the safest possible solution overall. But with the average price of a stairlift ranging anywhere from $3,000 to $5,000 and then going up to $10,000 if you have a curved staircase, the possibility of adding such a product is very cost prohibitive for many homeowners.
Medicare does not pay for stairlifts but they may pay for a portion of it. Medicaid is different in each state so I cannot give you an answer if the Medicaid program in your state would pay for a stairlift product. Click here for a list that I put together of phone numbers for each state’s Medicaid program.
You can read more about Stairlifts in my article Are Stairlifts Safe? I go over some of the great features to look for in a stairlift product to maximize their safety.
Mobile stairlifts are more like a wheelchair that has caterpillar tracks on it. The tracks are battery powered so they help a caregiver “climb stairs” or descend them when moving a person who cannot climb stairs. There is no installation required and they are portable, so you can take your stairlift anywhere.
Half Steps or Blocks
Stair aide blocks like this one can be used by someone who has trouble lifting their leg(s) high enough to reach the next step.
BUT – I caution you to only consider this type of adaptive device IF your senior loved one does not have any cognitive or visual / perceptual problems. Using products like this requires some serious coordination and concentration.
Stair Walkers and Bars
Stair assist devices like the ones from StairSteady and Assistep are wonderful products that would help anyone aging in place. I would recommend to consult with your physician and/or physical therapist before purchasing and using a product like this.
These products are available in many parts of the world but unfortunately, not in the USA. At least, not yet.
Here is a video of the StairSteady product to give you an idea of how they can help someone up and down the stairs.
Are Carpeted Stairs Safer For Seniors?
There are a few factors to consider on the topic of carpeting on stairs.
- Solid color carpeting can make it difficult for an older adult to visually distinguish between the step and the edge of the step.
- Patterened carpeting can also make it very difficult to distinguish between the edge of the step and the platform of the step.
- If the treads of the steps (the depth of the steps) are short then adding carpeting will only make them shorter and less safe.
- If the carpeting comes loose and begins to bunch up it could contribute to someone tripping and falling.
Generally speaking, I do think that fully carpeted stairs are better because the padding installed under the carpeting can help to cushion a fall, if a fall were to happen.
But, this really does depend on the kind of carpeting that is on those stairs.
- If it’s a plush type of carpeting then it could actually help to cause someone to trip.
- If it’s low pile type of carpeting, like Berber, then it may be safer, overall.
- If the carpeting is old and worn and/or if it has bunched up then all of these issues could cause someone to trip as well.