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What Are The Duties Of A Caregiver?

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Each day, countless people go to work in occupations that receive far fewer thanks than what they deserve. One of those occupations is undoubtedly caregivers. Not all caregivers are even paid, especially those adult children who assist with elderly parents or relatives. If you’re thinking of entering into the caregiver role, you may wonder what kind of responsibilities this job encompasses.

The duties of a caregiver are as follows:

  • Administering medication 
  • Transporting the senior 
  • Managing finances, including paying bills
  • Providing company
  • Making and serving food
  • Housekeeping 
  • Helping with dressing, bathing, and other hygiene 
  • Tracking daily health 

Becoming a caregiver for the very first time puts an immense amount of responsibility on your shoulders, so it’s understandably nerve-wracking. We do recommend you read this article in its entirety, as we’ll share all sorts of useful information. From all the caregiver types to general job duties and even some daily checklist templates to follow – you won’t want to miss it.

The Types of Caregivers

Caregivers is a general term that can encompass many duties. You’ll see that throughout this article, but we thought we’d begin by going over the various types of caregivers out there. Do you recognize yourself among this list?

  • Medical caregivers, including doctors, nurses, physical therapists, and the like
  • Primary caregivers, who may cover duties such as providing medications, dressing the senior, providing them food, bathing them, and keeping them company
  • Secondary caregivers, who can step in during the absence of a primary caregiver as well as for doctor’s appointments, errands, on weekends, or on nights and mornings
  • Community caregivers, such as someone in a neighborhood who may help with mail delivery and house maintenance
  • Long-distance caregivers, who, although not there physically, do such duties as healthcare research, doctor appointment scheduling, bill paying, and booking household repairs or other maintenance
  • Crisis caregivers, who offer their help and support if the senior needs to go to the hospital due to an illness or injury

A General List of What Caregivers Do

Now that we’ve covered the types of caregivers, let’s go into more detail about the duties a caregiver might do daily. Keep in mind that, depending on the type of caregiver, some of these tasks are outside of the scope of their job.

Administer Medication

Whether a medical or non-medical caretaker, if you’re around a senior everyday who needs care, then you will likely give them medication. While not all seniors require medication, most do, and often daily or even more than once per day. If the senior takes several types of medication, it’ll be your job to ensure they get their dosage on time each day.

Drive the Senior Around

Not all seniors can drive themselves anymore. Even if they still have a valid license, they may lack the vehicle to get to and from the places they wish to go. While they can rely on ridesharing services like Uber or Lyft for this purpose, if you’re around, then you might as well transport the senior. This way, you know for certain they get to their destination and then back home safely.

From grocery store trips to doctor’s appointments and everything in between, you’ll need a clean, working vehicle for this responsibility.

Pay Bills and Track Finances

As seniors age, they don’t always retain the clearest memory. Even those without Alzheimer’s or dementia (more on this later) can get forgetful in their older years. They still have bills to pay with hard deadlines, though. To keep the electricity and water on, you might opt to take care of paying a senior’s bills for them.

You may also oversee their finances in general so the senior isn’t wasting their money. You can prevent them from becoming a victim of a stolen card or fraud, as well.

Provide Company and Companionship

Sometimes, at the end of the day, what a senior needs more than anything is simply having someone around to spend time with them. Whether you tell stories, watch movies, play games, or just sit in silence, the companionship can go a long way towards the wellbeing of the senior.

Preparing Food

Everyone’s got to eat, and making sure a senior does so two or three times a day is very important. You might opt to hire a foodservice caretaker specifically or make the meals yourself. Either way, this is an ongoing need.

Housekeeping and Maintenance

With the added years can come pain, and some seniors find themselves living in a house they’re unable to maintain. Perhaps it’s basic housekeeping jobs that they need help with, in that they might not be able to mop or vacuum, clean the toilet, or do dishes. For other seniors, their home can fall into shambles as they fail to clean the gutters, mow the lawn, or fix that loose shingle. Thus, your caretaking duties might entail you doing these jobs for the senior.

Hygienic Responsibilities

Besides being unable to take care of their house, seniors may find they cannot take care of themselves, either. They could need help with the basic tasks we take for granted, such as making the bed, putting on clothes, brushing their teeth, and bathing. You may even have to feed some seniors.

A new razor that has just been in the summer of 2019 is a razor specifically made for caregivers who have to shave the person they are caring for.  The razor is made by Proctor & Gamble and it’s called The Gillette Treo (pictured here on the right).

They are disposable razors that have the shaving gel built in to the razor, making the shaving process easier for the caregiver.  In addition – the razor itself is designed with a safety comb which according to P&G helps “…to protect against nicks and cuts, with an open design to prevent clogging.”

Check out this video demonstrating the Gillette Treo.

Assessing Overall Health

One of the most crucial duties in your life as a caretaker involves you managing the senior’s overall health. How are they doing physically – week to week, month to month, or year to year? Has a symptom manifested that has you worried? Does the senior seem to struggle more with walking or with remembering than usual? You’d then schedule a doctor’s appointment to get them checked out.

Live-in Caregiver Household Duties

Caregivers live with seniors all the time. If you’re the adult child of an aging parent or relative who needs help, then you might move into your parent’s house or bring them to live with you. This is unpaid work, but, as we said in the intro, it’s still absolutely integral. Paid caretakers could live with a senior as well.

If you will be (or are considering) privately hiring a live in caregiver – please consider putting a legal contract into place. Documents such as the Live-In Caregiver Contract (Elderly), provided by FindLegalForms, Inc., lay out the specific duties the caregiver will perform. This could include housekeeping and cooking tasks in addition to caring for the senior.

Here’s an overview of which duties from the list above a live-in caretaker would do:

  • Give the senior medication
  • Prepare their food/feed them
  • Dress them
  • Bathe them
  • Transport them as needed
  • Keep them company

Depending on the type of caregiver, not every live-in caregiver would maintain a senior’s finances. If it’s an adult child we’re talking about, then they of course would work on behalf of their parent and work out money matters. A paid live-in caretaker might not, though.

The Duties of Dementia Caregivers

Those caregivers who work with dementia and Alzheimer’s patients have one of the most crucial jobs of all. The patience, dedication, and caring required for such a role is not for the faint of heart.

The duties we listed two sections ago in Assessing Overall Health would still apply, at least most of them. Here are the other responsibilities of caring for a senior with dementia:

Providing Sociability

Those with Alzheimer’s and dementia sometimes feel cut off from the rest of the world. This can result in depression as their friends and family go about their lives while the senior gets left behind. Socializing with the patient, even if it means hearing the same story several times, matters a lot in maintaining their quality of life.

Offering Emotional Support

In addition to the sociability a dementia caregiver can offer, emotional support is another pillar of care. Patients with memory trouble may feel scared, upset, and depressed about their condition or their outlook. By supporting them emotionally, you can ease some of these terrible feelings and make the experience that much more bearable.

Taking Care of Basic Assistance

As the disease progresses, dementia or Alzheimer’s patients may find themselves unable to do much in terms of their basic caretaking. You may have to aide them with eating, walking, dressing, bathing, grooming, and more.

Managing Safety

The confusion of dementia can put a senior in situations they themselves don’t recall entering or don’t realize can be dangerous. As a caretaker for these patients, it’s incredibly important to keep a watchful eye on them and what they’re doing. This can prevent accidents that could threaten the safety and even the life of the senior.

A Caregiver’s Daily Checklist Template

With the many, many duties a caretaker’s job encompasses, you may worry about forgetting something. A caretaking checklist can really come in handy for this. If you browse around online, you’ll find countless checklist templates you can use. We like this one, which we saw on Pinterest.

This checklist has a list of activities for the senior, such as driving, paying bills, doing housework, walking and climbing stairs, eating, and personal hygiene. Then, you check off how well the senior can do these activities as well as whether they’re doing them.

Other checklists, such as this one, focus more on eating and bathroom needs. You’d mark down each time a senior goes to the bathroom, how many times they woke up at night, what times they ate, and when.

Whether you use a template like the two above or you come up with your own, a checklist not only makes your job easier, but it lets you track your senior’s health accurately.

Conclusion

A caretaker’s job is never done. Whether a paid professional or an adult child is stepping into the role, caretakers assist with a senior’s hygiene, health, transportation, finances, eating, and the state of the home. While this is one of the hardest jobs out there, a caretaker can make a huge, positive impact on the life of a senior. That makes it all worth it.

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