If your senior parent or loved one has been diagnosed with dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, then at some point, you might consider memory care for them. This treatment entails the patient undergoing therapy and engaging in activities to maintain or boost their memory. How do you know a senior with dementia needs memory care?
Here are some signs it’s time for memory care:
- Danger to themselves and others
- Deterioration in physical health
- Behavioral changes
This guide to memory care will tell you everything you need to know to make an informed decision for the senior parent or loved one in your life. Memory care can improve a dementia patient’s quality of life, so make sure you keep reading!
When Do You Know It’s Time For Memory Care?
As an adult child who may also be acting as a primary caregiver, sometimes you want to overlook things because you’re scared of the truth.
For example, if you admit that your senior parent or loved one needs a higher level of care, such as moving to a memory care unit, that means their Alzheimer’s or dementia is progressing.
Although that is indeed scary, denying the truth means denying your senior loved one the help they truly need.
If the senior in your life is exhibiting one or more of these signs, then memory care is the best option for their dementia.
Although no one likes to talk about bodily functions like going to the bathroom, sometimes, you have to. Incontinence is defined as a lack of control in defecating and/or urinating.
Whereas once, your senior parent or loved one knew when to go to the bathroom, these days, it seems like they’ve forgotten. They tend to have accidents a lot more often.
When they’re aware of what they’ve done, they experience great shame for days at a time. You may be annoyed with them for not remembering to use the bathroom (you’re human, it happens!). This can put a real strain on your relationship.
Incontinence can have many causes. Perhaps your senior cannot physically get up to use the bathroom or they find it too difficult to make it to the bathroom in time.
If they drink too many beverages or ingest diuretics, these will increase their rate of urination, which can be hard to control.
Some medications can even relax the muscles in the bladder, so not all accidents are necessarily a senior’s fault.
Alzheimer’s and dementia can also cause or contribute to incontinence. The senior’s confusion or lack of regard for personal hygiene means using the bathroom can go on the back burner.
Review the rate of accidents your senior parent or loved one has. If it’s an occasional thing, then memory care might not be needed yet. If your senor has accidents several times per week though, then now is the right time to consider memory care.
Danger To Themselves Or Others
A senior with dementia also needs immediate care once they become a danger to themselves and the others they live with. Using poor judgment, not getting lost in familiar places, or placing themselves (or others) in dangerous situations are all signs that they now need 24-hour care.
If they have a pet, perhaps they’ve stopped caring for it due to dementia (go here to read about how to take away the pet if it is necessary).
The senior might turn the stove on in the middle of the night and then leave the kitchen. They can put food on the burners and then forget they were cooking. This puts the physical safety of everyone in the house at risk, including a spouse or partner and any live-in caretakers.
Failing to maintain the house is also a danger. Piles of garbage and rotting food spread out through their living space is indicative that your senior needs help.
Dangers don’t always have to relate to physical health. If your senior parent or loved one has failed to stay current on their bills due to their dementia, their finances could be in shambles.
Deterioration In Physical Health
When you see your senior parent or loved one often, you don’t always realize the tiny changes that can occur. The next time your partner or sibling visits and they remark about the condition of your senior, pay attention.
A senior becoming suddenly frail and skinny usually indicates that they’re not eating three meals a day as they’re supposed to. The senior might not have even bought groceries in a long time, so they have no fresh food to prepare.
Medication management is a huge concern. It may also be that your senior has stopped taking their medication because of memory issues or that they’re overtaking it because they’re not sure if they already took their dosage for the day.
Dementia affects the brain, and thus, the behavior and personality of a senior can change.
In some cases, their preexisting personality traits can become more pronounced, while in others, they’re withdrawn.
If your loved one has extreme personality changes, then it’s an easy decision to move them into memory care.
Besides shifts in personality, track your senior’s behavior for a few days and monitor what, if anything, has changed. If they’re not cooking for themselves, bathing, or dressing themselves well, then memory care might be the best way to go.
Is Memory Care The Same As A Nursing Home?
Should you decide that memory care is a treatment avenue you want to pursue for your senior with dementia, exactly what are you signing them up for, anyway? What is memory care and is it the same as living in a nursing home?
Allow us to explain what memory care is.
Memory care is a service for dementia and/or Alzheimer’s patients. You can select a memory care community, often through a senior living community, or older adults can receive at-home care.
Either way, through memory care, a dementia patient gets professional assistance so they can continue leading a quality of life even though they don’t take good care of themselves anymore.
For example, the memory care services would take care of basic tasks, like bathing the senior, ensuring they take their daily medications, preparing meals, helping them get dressed, doing their laundry, etc.
The menus are formulated around those with dementia in that the menu isn’t overly complicated so the senior doesn’t feel bogged down by too many options. If they’re at a facility, they’d sit in the same area when dining to become familiar with it.
Besides getting extra help with personal care and daily life, memory care also encompasses assignments and activities that use the most of the abilities the senior currently possesses, while helping them rebuild or strengthen current abilities. Examples might include participation in social activities, music programs, art classes, dancing, and brain games.
Now you can see how memory care and nursing homes are very much different. To recap, here are the key ways the two treatments diverge:
- Memory care can occur at home, nursing home care does not.
- If living at a facility, memory care is designed for dementia patients specifically. The walls are usually painted soothing and cheerful hues, the building is easily navigable, and seniors would live in an enclosed community to prevent escaping and getting lost. Nursing homes are not catered towards dementia patients, as nursing homes receive a variety of seniors.
- Memory care activities are intended to maintain current brain functioning or even improve functioning. Nursing home activities don’t always focus on this as much.
How Long Does It Take To Adjust To Memory Care?
You’ve done some research and found a suitable memory care facility in your neighborhood. After a couple of interviews you personally conducted, you feel good about your senior parent or loved one living in the memory care community.
Your senior will soon move in. Precisely how long will it be until they feel acclimated?
It’s not going to be an overnight process, that’s for sure. At the very least, it might take about a month until your senior with dementia feels settled. In some instances, it might be as long as six weeks.
If more than six weeks have transpired and your senior parent or loved one is still struggling to adjust to life in the memory care facility, we recommend speaking to their doctor or therapist to ask for their recommendation.
Keep in mind that moving a dementia patient from a familiar environment can sometimes cause the disease to get worse. This is something we’ve discussed before, but it’s worth reiterating now.
It’s ideal if you can move your senior parent or loved one while they’re still relatively stable and in the early stages of dementia.
Barring that, then expect the decline to occur. If moving the senior is inevitable, then this is just something you have to accept. That said, it’s worth it to do your extra due diligence to ensure you’ve selected an ideal place for your senior.
This way, you won’t have to move them again anytime soon, which can prevent their dementia from worsening still.
Do Dementia Patients Do Better At Home?
Hmm. Your senior parent or loved one already has advanced dementia, so you don’t want to make it worse by moving them. Perhaps you’ll opt for in-home memory care services so your senior doesn’t have to contend with moving. Is this a good idea?
It can be, yes. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, 70 percent of the 5.2 million United States adults with dementia or Alzheimer’s stay in their homes. This, the article correlates, makes them happier and healthier and often leads to a longer life.
If you want to keep your senior with dementia at home, here’s what we recommend.
Get Help If You Can’t Do It Alone
Becoming a full-time live-in caretaker for a senior parent or loved one with dementia is a lot to ask of anyone. That’s especially true when you consider the role is generally unpaid.
If you feel like you’re in over your head, then get help. You might decide from the beginning that you can’t be a full-time caretaker, or you might try for several months and then choose to stop doing it.
You might have another family member who can become the full-time live-in caretaker, or you might have to hire professional services.
Veterans programs, long-term care insurance, and Medicare or Medicaid may be able to help cover part of or some of the costs.
Safeguard Your Home
You don’t want your senior slipping in the bathtub, bumping into tables, or turning on the stove in the middle of the night. By safeguarding your home, you can minimize the dangers a senior can get into, which is not only for their safety, but for yours and anyone else you share the house with.
Create A Sense Of Routine
In a world where everything can be confusing and agitating, a daily routine becomes familiar for a senior with dementia. That familiarity might keep them calmer.
Every day, try to stick to the same routine as closely as you can. That means the same wake up times, mealtimes, bath times, and bedtimes.
Use Apps To Stay On Top Of Mealtimes, Medications, Etc.
Your senior parent or loved one is your main priority but not your only one. You might still be balancing work or even a family.
To prevent yourself from forgetting which medications your senior needs to take, when they need to eat, and even when their bills are due, smartphone apps are your best friend!
Spend Time Together
Although having a conversation with a dementia patient can be frustrating at best and gut-wrenching at worst, treat your senior parent or loved one with kindness, gentleness, and compassion.
Share meals together. Watch films, especially old ones. Listen to music. Take up a hobby or craft that’s doable for your senior. Sit and talk, as sometimes dementia patients have more to say than we give them credit for.
These precious moments together will strengthen your bond and could improve your loved one’s health as well.
Memory care is a treatment for dementia and Alzheimer’s patients that strives to take care of basic functions the senior might be incapable of doing while also improving or at least maintaining their memory.
Whether you decide to move your senior into a memory care facility or opt for in-home memory care, now that you know this option is on the table, you can get your dementia patient help sooner than later.