By now, everyone has likely heard of tiny houses, but the term “granny pods” is still relatively unknown.
That’s changing as the Baby Boomers age and begin to need a little extra help in their daily lives.
So, What Is A Granny Pod?
Granny pods (or granny flats) are tiny houses, often located in the backyards of adult children or other family who want to be able to keep an eye on their senior parent or loved one. They can be custom built so that they are designed specifically for a senior’s physical abilities or pre-fabricated units.
…it is a self-contained building that can be installed in the average back yard, which functions as an advanced elder care facility.GrannyPods.org
For various reasons, it may not be practical to have an elderly parent live in the same home with their adult child(ren), but what if they aren’t ready for assisted living or a nursing home?
In these cases, granny pods or mother in law pods can be a perfect backyard solution for seniors and their families.
Building a granny flat is an exciting adventure! You’ll discover so many benefits as you experience life with a second dwelling – from an increased property value of up to 30%, to another potential income stream through tenancy, to having extra space for family, guests and storage.grannyflatsolutions.com.qu
For our readers living in Australia – check out the Granny Flat Solutions company for information about building these backyard homes in your area.
Can I Put A Granny Pod In My Backyard?
There are multiple zoning and legal laws in each state and each county that need to be looked at before you purchase a pre-fabricated granny pod or build a custom one in your backyard.
Although this concept is a great backyard solution that many families could benefit from – it’s not allowed in every state / county so there are some factors you need to be made aware of – and we’ll go over those right now.
The physical requirements of an official “granny pod” are that it needs to have at least the following living spaces…
- a kitchenette
- a bathroom
- a bedroom
These 3 areas are the bare minimum requirements for an official granny pod (aka granny flats).
Of course – since these structures are basically tiny homes built for older adults – they can come equipped with much more these days.
Many have a living area, an HVAC system, a porch, some closet storage, sunroofs, etc. Some are even equipped with smart home devices!
Granny pods are normally designed to connect to the utility services of the main house. So, this means the sewer system (whether it’s septic or city sewer), the water supply, the electrical wiring, maybe even the WiFi.
Are Granny Pods Legal?
The answer to whether granny pods are legal or not depends entirely on where you live. Because these tiny dwellings are considered to be ADU’s (accessory dwelling unit) – they are under the same zoning laws and community restrictions as other houses.
But, with that being said, since the incredible growth of the Tiny House movement, there has been a growing number of communities and changes in zoning laws to allow these backyard dwellings to be built.
So, to find out if a granny pod is legal in your community, you can start by checking out this great resource at AccessoryDwellings.org.
Do All States Allow Granny Pods?
The short answer is “no” – not all states in the USA allow Granny Pods. But that’s not to say that they’re absolutely banned. It may just be that the state has not yet enacted any laws and regulations concerning tiny homes or backyard homes or granny pods.
The states that have laws in place concerning these types of dwellings are…
- New Hampshire
- New York
- North Carolina
If you live in any of these states listed above, where they have existing laws about backyard homes, I would recommend to check with your local government about the specific laws in place before you begin the project of building such a home on your property.
According to AccessoryDwellings.org the states that DO NOT currently have laws concerning a permanent mini home structure to be built on your backyard property are…
- District of Columbia
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
Again, if you live in any of these states listed above, I would recommend to check with your local city government (just in case) before beginning your project.
Granny Pods Provide Practical Assisted Living Solutions
Granny pods are often referred to as mother in law pods or mother-in-law suites. They are also sometimes referred to as granny flats, mother-in-law-cottages, or auxiliary dwelling units (ADUs).
These pods are small modular homes that typically contain anywhere from 300 to 500 square feet of living space.
The dwellings are usually built in the adult child’s backyard and come with the standard home amenities we all expect, such as:
- Bathrooms with toilet and shower
Granny pods are ideal for one person, but it isn’t uncommon for a senior couple to live comfortably in one of these.
One nice feature is that many of these pods can be set up with a virtual monitoring system that keeps track of your relative’s health. Furthermore, some systems can be configured to send the information to your family’s doctor, as well.
These systems can keep track of such things as:
- Blood pressure
- Glucose levels
- Heart rate
- Blood gases
The multigenerational backyard-living promise of ADUs (Accessory Dwelling Units) has long been tantalizing with the demographics of an aging population. Transforming a garage into a small living space or building a backyard guest cottage allows aging family members to stay close to their adult children and grandchildren. They can help each other out financially, emotionally and practically (think childcare and eldercare), while each maintains their independence and privacy.Forbes.com
Take A Peek At The Granny Pod’s Interior
There are various styles and floor plans for ADUs and granny pods, of course, but this video from The List Show TV gives you a good idea of just how homey they can be:
- Breezepod homes are available in New Zealand
- S-Pod homes are available in the UK
- MedCottage built with features for seniors
What Is The Average Cost Of A Granny Pod?
According to AARP.org – the cost of a granny pod can range from about $50,000 to $250,000. Costs will depend on the model and amenities you choose and the location where it’s being built.
The cost of a granny pod can be returned over time if you figure that assisted living can run around $5,000 per month in, say, Massachusetts, according to APlaceForMom.com. At $60,000 per year in this scenario, a granny pod could pay for itself within a year or two.
A senior parent wouldn’t have to live in one too long to offset the costs of skilled nursing facility (nursing home), though. Genworth reported that the median cost of a semi-private room in a nursing home ran about $7,500 per month (that’s $90,000 per year!).
Things To Consider When Buying A Tiny Home To Use As A Granny Pod
- First and foremost, you likely will not be able to carry a mortgage on a tiny home or granny pod. That’s not to say you can’t get a loan – just not a mortgage type of loan. According to NerdWallet.com, the options available for financing tiny homes / granny pods are…
- Personal loans
- Financing through lenders
- Home equity loans (if you own a primary residence)
- There is the question of whether granny pods are legal where you live, since you will be placing a second home in your back yard. Whether or not you can build one is dependent on your city’s zoning laws.
Click here to read the information we have above about the legality of these types of homes in your part of the world.
- Plus, your city may allow you to build a granny pod, while the Homeowner’s Association in your particular housing development may not allow it.
- Also keep in mind that the zoning laws may regulate just how big the pod can be. The same goes for every other type of tiny house featured on this list.
Clearly, it pays to do your research before contracting to have one built.
Last, but not least, a granny pod should be outfitted for seniors, so it will need to include amenities that will make the home safer for an elderly person, such as:
- Locating the bedroom on the main floor
- Raised toilet seats
- Grab bars in the bathroom and shower area
- A barrier-free walk in shower with no threshold
- Non-slip or slip-resistant flooring
- Ideally, one-level living to eliminate stairs
- Senior friendly door knobs and faucets levers
Where Can I Buy A Granny Pod?
You can purchase Granny Pods from custom Tiny Home builders in your area. They can work with you to customize this new home.
You can also purchase a granny pod from Boxable and Amazon. (more about these below).
Other sources to purchase granny pods include:
- FabCab.com – modern prefab homes
- BetterLivingExpress.com – they have some wonderful cottage plans
- Evernest.net – specifically design and build granny pods
When selecting a granny pod, it is important to consider the size, features, and price that you are looking for. It is also important to make sure that the company you purchase from has a good reputation and offers good customer service.
Check Out Tiny Homes By Boxabl
Another tiny home builder is Boxabl. This is the company that Elon Musk chose to purchase his tiny home from. (Yes, Elon Musk lives in a tiny house!)
Some Cheap Alternatives To Granny Pods
Three cheaper alternatives to building a granny pod are:
- Converting an existing garage
- Using an RV
- Purchasing a shipping container home
Converting A Garage
The easiest way to go is to convert your garage into a granny pod.
Instead of buying a prefab unit or having a granny pod built, you could save $10,000 to $15,000 by converting an existing shed or your garage into a senior cottage. A DIYer experienced in framing, insulation, and roofing can serve as the general contractor and arrange for foundation, electrical, and plumbing subcontractors.BobVila.com
Living In An RV
Another granny pod alternative is an RV (recreational vehicle).
RV’s are mobile and much like a home inside, but one drawback to them is that they are raised off the ground. This means the senior would have to be able to climb several (often steep) steps to get into one.
Shipping Container Homes
Shipping container homes are gaining traction lately, as well.
These homes are made of…you guessed it…steel shipping containers like the kind you normally see loaded on the decks of freighter ships or heading down the interstate, being pulled by a big rig.
If you want to see their dwelling potential, check out this article from Curbed.com.